What is Jujube Fruit: Graceful, and ornamental, the jujube fruit varies from round to elongate, and from cherry-size to plum-size. Jujube (red date also known as Chinese date, Korean date or Indian date) has been an important fruit in Korea, used as a snack and traditional medicine. These fruits are native to southern Asia, including southern and central China. Jujube fruit is also rich in vitamin C, which is thought to have powerful anticancer properties. To a lesser extent, jujube fruit is made into juice and jujube vinegar (called 枣 醋 or 红枣 醋 in Chinese). This medium-sized tree can grow up to 40 feet, (12 m.) has glossy green, deciduous leaves and light gray bark. There is a single hard kernel, similar to an olive pit, containing two seeds. It is a small, red and round fruit with a sweet flavor and edible skin. Then, it is pounded with tamarind, red chillies, salt, and jaggery. In one study, jujube polysaccharide extracts strengthened the intestinal lining of rats with colitis, which improved their digestive symptoms (29). And you … Five or more other species of Ziziphus are widely distributed in milder climates to hot deserts of Asia and Africa.. Jujube fruit is scientifically called as Ziziphus jujube and grows mostly in China, Europe, southern and eastern Asia. One test-tube study noted that jujube polysaccharides, which are natural sugars with antioxidant properties, may fend off free radicals, neutralize harmful cells, and decrease inflammation (15). The binomial name has a curious nomenclatural history, due to a combination of botanical naming regulations, and variations in spelling. Rather, ber is used for three other cultivated or wild species, e.g., Z. spina-christi, Z. mauritiana, and Z. nummularia in parts of India and is eaten both fresh and dried. It grows in natural wild and cultivated orchards in Korea, Japan, and many Middle Eastern regions. First things first: jujube fruit is a drupe (a stone fruit), and it grows on trees. The fruit is an edible oval drupe 1.5–3 centimetres (0.59–1.18 in) deep; when immature it is smooth-green, with the consistency and taste of an apple with lower acidity, maturing brown to purplish-black, and eventually wrinkled, looking like a small date. While the fruits may be difficult to locate in grocery stores in the United States, some specialty grocers may carry them and related products. Over 400 cultivars have been selected. They are used for making pickles (কুলের আচার) in west Bengal and Bangladesh. The jujube is a drupe or stone fruit. n. 1. a. Jiang J.-G., Huang X.-J., Chen J., Lin Q.-S., edX Course: HarvardX: HUM1.3x Print and Manuscript in Western Europe, Asia and the Middle East (1450-1650) > Comparandum: Printing in East Asia > Main Technology: Xylography, "The Sidrah (Lote-Tree) and the Sidrat al-Muntaha (Lote-Tree of the Extremity): Some Apects of their Islamic and Bābī-Bahā'ī Iintepretations", "Jujubes: Plant Care and Collection of Varieties", "Origin of agriculture and domestication of plants and animals linked to early Holocene climate amelioration", "Kamala's Corner: Indian Jujube – Elanthai Pazham", https://doi.org/10.1007/s10298-008-0362-7, "Comparison of the sedative and hypnotic effects of flavonoids, saponins, and polysaccharides extracted from Semen Ziziphus jujube", https://doi.org/10.1080/14786410701192827, "Phyto-pharmacology of Ziziphus jujuba mill – A plant review", "Fact Sheet: False codling moth - Citrus Pests", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jujube&oldid=998608493, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November 2020, Articles needing additional medical references from October 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles requiring reliable medical sources, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 05:24. Learn about cupuaçu. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. They also contain a fair amount of potassium, which plays vital roles in muscle control and electrolyte balance (2). Jujube fruit, also known as red or Chinese date, is native to Southern Asia but has become popular around the world. The timber is sometimes used for small items, such as tuning pegs for instruments. One mouse study found high-dose vitamin C injections killed thyroid cancer cells (3, 19). Jujube is a species of Ziziphus in the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae), which is usually used as a shelter from the sun as well as fruit can be taken. , In Japan, the natsume has given its name to a style of tea caddy used in the Japanese tea ceremony, due to the similar shape. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. They also offer several vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C and potassium. For most people, jujube fruit is safe to eat. While jujube fruits are generally safe, they may interact with the seizure medications phenytoin, phenobarbitone, and carbamazepine, as well as the antidepressant venlafaxine and other SSNRIs. Can you eat the fruit jujube benefits? In alternative medicine, they’re widely utilized to improve sleep and decrease anxiety. In Vietnam and Taiwan, fully mature, nearly ripe fruit is harvested and sold on the local markets and also exported to Southeast Asian countries. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Can You Treat Psoriasis with Detoxes or Cleanses. Keep reading to find out how to grow jujube trees in your garden and enjoy its delicious fruit! Resembling a date in appearance, the fruit is also … An Apple a Day Keeps the Doctor Away — Fact or Fiction? Jujube fruit, also known as red or Chinese date, is native to Southern Asia but has become popular around the world. They are also known by other names such as Chinese dates, red dates, Korean dates, and Indian dates. Philip Miller, in his Gardener's Dictionary, considered that the jujube and its relatives were sufficiently distinct from Rhamnus to be placed in a separate genus (as it had already been by the pre-Linnaean author Tournefort in 1700), and in the 1768 edition he gave it the name Ziziphus jujuba (using Tournefort's spelling for the genus name). More human research is needed to fully understand how jujube extract may affect your brain and nervous system. Ziziphus jujuba, commonly called jujube (/ˈdʒuːdʒuːb/; sometimes jujuba), red date, Chinese date, is a species in the genus of Ziziphus (some of whose other species are also sometimes referred to as jujube), in the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae). Select grade Jujube timber is often used in traditional Asian instruments for fingerboard, pegs, rests & soundposts, ribs & necks etc. Jujube (Ziziphus, Chinese date, hong zao or annab) is native to Asia. As a result, it speeds up the movement of food through your digestive tract and reduces constipation (26, 27, 28). You will find jujube Wood in local folk instruments from Ceylon/India thru to China/Korea and is also commonly used in China in violin & cello making for overseas export, though usually stained black to imitate the look of ebony. In Senegal Jujube is called Sii dem and the fruit is used as snack. The fruit, seed, and bark are described in Korean, Indian, and Japanese traditional writings, as well. Pu-erh Tea: Benefits, Dosage, Side Effects, and More. "sidrah", pl. , In China, the leaves are sometimes picked for teas, such as by families in Laoshan Village, Shandong Province, China, where it counts as a variety of herbal tea. However, dried jujubes, which are more commonly eaten and used in cooking in many parts of the world, are much higher in sugar and calories than the fresh fruit.  In Europe, the last several years have seen some 80%–90% of the jujube crop eaten by insect larvae (see picture), including those of the false codling moth, Thaumatotibia (Cryptophlebia) leucotreta.. The trees grow wild in the eastern Caribbean, and are reported to exist in Jamaica, The Bahamas, and Trinidad as well. Wild jujube fruit juice is no longer one of the candy’s ingredients, but wild jujube extract offers all the benefits of the whole fruit in a convenient form. Jujube fruits, also known as red or Chinese dates, are low in calories and rich in fiber and other nutrients. This article tells you everything you need to know about jujube fruit, including its nutrition, benefits, and uses.  The dried fruit is used in desserts in China and Vietnam, such as ching bo leung, a cold beverage that includes the dried jujube, longan, fresh seaweed, barley, and lotus seeds.. It is a small deciduous tree or shrub reaching a height of 5–12 metres (16–39 ft), usually with thorny branches. Dried, they have a chewy texture and taste similar to dates. Here are 8 tasty fish…, Pu-erh tea offers a number of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory-based benefits to help improve overall health and well-being. Unlike most of the other species in the genus, it tolerates fairly cold winters, surviving temperatures down to about −15 °C (5 °F) and the tree is for instance commonly cultivated in Beijing. They also contain high levels of vitamin C, which acts as an antioxidant as well (4). According to the California Rare Fruit Growers' website, jujubes have been cultivated in Asia for over 4,000 years. The jujube, Z. jujuba grows in cooler regions of Asia. 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