Seg - Sex : 09:00 - 18:00
contato@efibras.com.br
+55 (11) 2613-0105

Blog

Lorem ipsum dollor sit amet

what is a mercury thermometer

//
Posted By
/
Comment0
/
Categories

I'm pretty sure I remember when they started phasing out mercury thermometers for at home use. A maximum mercury-style thermometer works in much the same way as the standard version, but the mercury does not shrink back into the tip when removed from a heat source. The most similar alternatives to mercury fever thermometers are battery- and solar-powered digital thermometers. The thermometer usually has a small reserve of liquid mercury in its base, which is most often pressurized; above it is usually a glass or synthetic tube with a calibrated temperature scale. These sorts of thermometers are most commonly used in medicine and meteorology. Then when I got a little bit older digital thermometers came out and we replaced our mercury thermometer. With changes in temperature, the mercury expands and contracts, and the temperature can be read from the scale. Everyone knows that mercury is one of the most powerful poisons, thus, have toxicity even mercury vapor. A maximum thermometer is a medical mercury-in-glass thermometer that features a carefully designed restriction in the mercury column directly ahead of the reservoir bulb. Some thermometers may still contain mercury but many typically contain less toxic liquids. If you have children and they are scared of having their temperature taken in a traditional method you can buy nifty plastic strip thermometers. Glass Oral Temperature for Fever Test, Oral Temperature for Adult or Baby, Rectal Axillar Temperatur… Until recently 260° C was the typical limit for non-mercury thermometers. A mercury thermometer is a tool used to measure temperature. Mercury thermometers can withstand boiling and freezing temperatures, while digital thermometers may break in extreme conditions. The American Academy of Pediatricians and the United States Environmental Protection Agency, for instance, have each suggested alternative temperature-measuring devices for personal use in order to reduce the risk of accidental exposure. Maybe I’m not using it properly, I don’t know. This type can be used either orally, which is to say slipped under the tongue, or rectally. Some of these thermometers do not have replaceable batteries. Mercury fever thermometers are made of glass the size of a straw, with a silvery-white liquid inside. Each thermometer contains about.5-1.5 grams of mercury. When heat rises, the liquid expand s from a bowl or bulb into the empty area, climbing up the tube. Using mercury thermometers is … There are a number of different model types, sizes, and specifications, but the general operating principle is about the same in all cases. The silver color in the bulb normally indicates the presence of mercury. Thermometers use a variety of technologies to measure body temperature. It is also known as mercury-in-glass thermometer. Mercury thermometers may be used in many applications, including chemical experiments, water and acid baths, blood banks, ovens and incubators. I know mercury thermometers are still alive and well in science classes! It is also difficult to purchase mercury thermometers for home use in many of these countries. The ear thermometer is cleaner and less invasive than an oral thermometer, which is what it has going for it, but if I can’t be sure that the temperature is accurate it’s not much use. The accuracy of a mercury thermometer varies depending on many thing. Mercury thermometer is a type of thermometer that uses a bulb filled with mercury as the temperature sensor. What to do if a mercury thermometer breaks. I really loved the idea of plastic strip thermometers because with mercury thermometers I was always worried about my children dropping the glass vial and breaking it. There are usually a number of different options and models available depending on the intended use. This has led some people to question the wisdom of having mercury so readily accessible in homes. The alternative to the mercury thermometer is the digital thermometer, which measures temperature by monitoring changes in electrical properties voltage and resistance of metals inside the device. It’s dangerous if a mercury thermometer shatters on the ground since mercury is toxic. Due to these facts, it is also obviously a substance that is difficult to clean up if ti spills. Common household uses of mercury thermometers include fever thermometers and oven, candy and meat thermometers. In place of mercury thermometers, hospitals will use the ear thermometer to take body temperature. Spilled mercury can be very challenging to clean, since the loose liquid often forms rounded “balls” that can bounce and scatter across a floor or room. Mercury expands as the temperature increases, thus raising the reading, while decreasing temperatures contract the mercury, lowering the reading. Most people use the word “accuracy” loosely, lumping in lots of meanings that are not technically included and would be better stated as “overall accuracy”. It is at the bottom and is cylindrical or spherical depending on the artifact. Mercury thermometers can be used to determine body, liquid, and vapor temperature. Nitrogen gas is what usually holds the mercury in place, and usually has to be inserted during the manufacturing process. I remember they did always remind us to be careful and not to drop them. Accuracy Because of sensitivity of temperature, high thermal conductivity, low thermal capacity, good visibility and non-wetting of the internal capillary walls of the thermometer, mercury is typically a very accurate gauge of temperature. Some states and municipalities have passed laws or ordinances barring the manufacture, sale and/or distribution of mercury fever thermometers. You should choose a thermometer that is easy to use and read. The silver tip and line is mercury. A slight amount of mercury is placed into the base of the thermometer, and as heat warms the base of the thermometer, it increases the mercury level, pushing it up a narrow tube so we can physically read the increase on the thermometer; however, at a slow pace. First of all, if the thermometer broke, we recall its physical properties and … Just the same, due to the dangers associated with mercury poisoning, many countries around the world, most notably in Europe, have banned mercury-based thermometers for medical use. I think you can get them for under $50. With the strips you stick on you no longer have to worry about any of that. When the tool is placed outdoors or in the body, the metal tip heats and mercury stretches along the length of hollow space within the tube. I remember using them in every lab science class I ever took in high school and college. A thermometer is a device that measures temperature or a temperature gradient (the degree of hotness or coldness of an object). If there is no liquid in your thermometer, for example, if it uses a metallic strip or coil to measure temperature (like most meat thermometers do), it is not a mercury thermometer. If you have a mercury thermometer in your home and you want to get rid of it, you need to safely dispose of it as hazardous waste. There are a number of different model types, sizes, and specifications, but the general operating principle is about the same in all cases. The purpose of the restriction is to to keep any given reading visible on the thermometer … If you do have a mercury thermometer just make sure to wipe it off with a new alcohol swab after each use so you can disinfect it. An official website of the United States government. It is obvious that when the mercury thermometer is broken - it's a disaster, since the impact of mercury on the stems and develops into small … The mercury thermometer is a classic design for temperature measurement still used by many families. The thermometer usually has a small reserve of liquid mercury in its base, which is most often pressurized; above it is usually a glass or synthetic tube with a calibrated temperature scale. Metallic mercury in its liquid state is relatively harmless when confined. I think as long as you are careful there is no need to drop $50 or more on a digital thermometer. At home I’ve taken different temperature readings when using the ear thermometer and got different results each time, usually off by a degree or two – sometimes within the same hour. Other liquids, such as kerosene or ethanol , may also be used in these types of thermometers. An exception is on the high end of the temperature scale. United States Environmental Protection Agency. This is to help remove the threat of thermometer breakage and the subsequent release of mercury vapor indoors. Fold the paper towel and place in a zip locking bag. Thallium reduces the freezing point to -78°F (-61.1°C). Collectible mercury thermometers on eBay come in many shapes, sizes, and transduction methods. I am not sure if it was just the brand that was being used on us at work, but it never got a reading correct without multiple tries, and even that final reading was questionable. The small silvery ball in a mercury thermometer can be dangerous if the glass breaks and the mercury is not cleaned up properly. Higher temperatures cause mercury to grow longer, while low temperatures cause it to fall or shrink back down. There are four broad categories of thermometers to be aware of: Mercury thermometers are inexpensive, durable and accurate. A variety of accurate and reliable mercury-free fever thermometers are available at your local pharmacy. In the past, mercury (MER-kure-e) thermometers were used. Some of them will deliver temperature readings within two to three seconds rather than forcing you to wait for almost a minute as with other consumer grade digital thermometers. The German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit is credited with inventing the first mercury thermometer in 1714, which he made with a glass tube attached to a small well of mercury. Most modern models work this way, and though advancements have been made in terms of presentation the basics are usually about the same. EPA has launched an effort to reduce the use of mercury-filled non-fever thermometers used in industrial settings where suitable alternatives exist. To date, multiple ASTM standards have been updated to approve the use of mercury-free alternatives for temperature measurement. Mercury is one of the most familiar materials used in liquid thermometers. In some instances they’re also used in kitchens, usually as a way of monitoring warm liquids, but most modern chefs prefer more food-specific gauges. As part of a partnership EPA developed with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), NIST no longer provides calibration services for mercury thermometers. Better accuracy for temperature measurement results. Medical doctors often use a version known as the maximum mercury thermometer to measure human body temperature. I remember when I was very little we used a mercury thermometer and my mom always warned us to be very careful with them. View a list of the updated ASTM standards. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. The digital thermometer is not only faster on … In a thermometer, the color helps determine the type of liquid. There are non-mercury thermometers with temperature and accuracy ranges equal to most mercury thermometers. The functionality of the bulb is to store the mercury and is usually made of stainless steel, but can be made of glass as well. They are common in many households, schools and medical facilities. This thermometer can measure temperatures in the ranges of -30 to +300 ° C . The mercury in mercury thermometers is poisonous if the thermometer breaks. Place all broken objects on a paper towel. These are similar to mercury thermometers in both price and use. Mercury is a toxic and hazardous chemical. They are painless to use and disposable so you don’t have to worry about cleaning anything. polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) waste disposal. He then developed a system of calibration to create a scale for easy reading. Mercury thermometers are no longer recommended because they can break and allow mercury — which is toxic — to escape. The volume of mercury changes slightly with temperature; the small change in volume drives the narrow mercury column a relatively long way up the tube. However, in a gaseous state, as organomercuric compounds or as inorganic salts, it becomes a deadly toxin. Mercury thermometer (mercury-in-glass thermometer) for measurement of room temperature. Mercury is a neurotoxin, and if you are exposed to it outside of its typical glass thermometer tube, it can cause you to go deaf, experience tremors, memory loss, and partial blindness, among other awful permanent side effects. The disposable "hat" of an ear thermometer can be replaced, and do not need to be soaked and disinfected. If you are choosing a battery-powered digital thermometer, choose one that contains a replaceable battery. That mercury was secured in a metal tip. If there are any broken pieces of glass or sharp objects, pick them up with care. The space above the mercury may be filled with nitrogengas or it may b… I have found that the digital thermometers that you press against your forehead are absolutely terrible. The mercury-in-glass or mercury thermometer was invented by physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in Amsterdam (1714). For more information about phasing out industrial mercury thermometers, visit EPA's Phasing Out of Mercury Thermometers Used in Industrial and Laboratory Settings page. I have always preferred mercury thermometers because of how easy they are to use. Learn more about how to tell if there is mercury in your fever thermometer. Glass Oral Temperature for Fever Test, Oral Temperature for Adult or Baby, Rectal Axillar Temperatur… A mercury thermometer broke: what to do? The bulb is the basis of mercury thermometers. Although currently there are digital thermometers this form of temperature measurement is still very much in demand, in addition to being very simple to use. Mercury thermometers can be used to determine body, liquid, and vapor temperature. Broad categories of reasonably priced thermometers. You can use Earth911's Recycling Locator Exit to find a mercury recycling center near you. Thick glass generally encases the temperature-sensitive liquid metal. Mercury-driven thermometers may also be used by meteorologists to measure air temperature. Like everything else electronic I remember digital thermometers used to be a little bit more expensive than they are currently! At least 13 states -- California, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Oregon, and Washington -- have passed such laws. The United States has not banned mercury in medical settings, though many advocacy groups have recommended a number of safety precautions. @SZapper - I remember when the digital thermometers for at home use came out too. A mercury thermometer is a tool used to measure temperature. In a mercury thermometer, a glass tube is filled with mercury and a standard temperature scale is marked on the tube. Most modern thermometers are made of much stronger glass then their original counterparts, and the amount of mercury contained in each is quite low in any event. Within the confines of the thermometer there isn’t usually any safety risk, but should the glass break, exposure is likely. Mercury, which is a chemical element, rises and falls in response to temperature changes, and watching where it stops along the scale provides a reading of how hot or cold a particular substance is. I know that the ear thermometer has become the instrument of choice as physicians got away from the more invasive rectal thermometer, but I wonder if the they are as effective as they claim to be. Mercury can be toxic if consumed, and it can also cause skin and eye damage if touched or respiratory distress if inhaled. A laboratory thermometer is recognizable by its long stem with a silver bulb at the end. It’s enclosed in an airtight capillary. It consists of a bulb containing mercury attached to a glass tube of narrow diameter; the volume of mercury in the tube is much less than the volume in the bulb. The battery is a button-cell battery and may contain a small amount of mercury, so it should be recycled with a hazardous waste collection program. These can all be used orally, rectally, or in the armpit. @allenJo - Ask your doctor what medical thermometer they use. These thermometers work exactly like bandages and you stick it to your child's skin for a few moments and it gives you a temperature reading. However, they present many safety and environmental hazards. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends that the use of mercury thermometers be avoided and that existing mercury thermometers be properly retired. Mercury thermometers are designed utilizing the idea that mercury expands with heat. Old thermometers must be properly disposed of to prevent environmental contamination. Out of all the liquid-filled Thermometers, the mercury-filled ones are the most accurate. Mercury thermometers tend to be much more durable under duress. If you break a thermometer while using it or if you improperly dispose of it, the thermometer will release mercury vapors that are harmful to human and ecological health. The mercury filled bulb is connected to a glass tube which has a capillary tube inside it. Mercury thermometers are used in households, laboratory experiments, and industrial applications. In order to measure temperatures below this point, meteorologists will often mix mercury with thallium alloy. The oldest technology is the mercury-in-glass thermometer. Mercury thermometer is a glass thermometer filled with mercury as the measuring liquid. The Health Care Without Harm website presents information on specific state laws, resolutions and declarations.Exit. The basic instrumentality is usually pretty simple. This allows temperature readings to be kept until mercury is forced back into the tip by centrifugal force, or shaking the thermometer with the head pointed toward the floor. Secure the bag and label it as directed by your local health or fire department. Most thermometers hold between 0.02 ounces (0.5 g) and 0.1 ounces (3 g) of mercury. There are two general types of mercury thermometers that measure body temperature: Alternatives to mercury fever thermometers, Cleanup and disposal after breaking a thermometer, Learn more about how to tell if there is mercury in your fever thermometer, NIST’s February 2011 press release announcing the change, final rule incorporating updated ASTM International (ASTM) standards into EPA regulations (PDF), View a list of the updated ASTM standards, Phasing Out of Mercury Thermometers Used in Industrial and Laboratory Settings page, specific state laws, resolutions and declarations, What to do when a mercury fever thermometer breaks/spills, How to recycle and dispose of mercury products, Oral/rectal/baby thermometers, containing about 0.61 grams of mercury, Basal temperature thermometers (used to track slight changes in body temperature), containing about 2.25 grams of mercury. In a mercury thermometer, a glass tube is filled with mercury and a standard temperature scale is marked on the tube. Mercury, which is also sometimes known as quicksilver, is a silvery liquid that responds very well to atmospheric changes, particularly temperature and barometric pressure. Metal is usually regarded as a good conductor of heat, and Fahrenheit noticed that when that tip was placed into liquids of varying temperatures, the mercury rose and fell in the glass chamber. If mercury freezes, nitrogen can be caught behind the metal causing the thermometer to stop working. Standard mercury freezes at -37.89°F (-38.83°C). If you have a mercury thermometer, don't throw it in the trash. Noun 1. mercury thermometer - thermometer consisting of mercury contained in a bulb at the bottom of a graduated sealed glass capillary tube marked in degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit; mercury expands with a rise in temperature causing a thin thread of mercury to rise in the tube For daily use, despite prices, a digital thermometer is the best choice. This thermometer is a thin glass tube with a silver tip and line inside. The accuracy of alcohol thermometers is less than mercury thermometers as alcohols are more prone towards evaporation, capillary separation and, polymerization potential, whereas the measurement of mercury thermometer is more accurate as mercury is susceptible to sufficient expansion to observation regarding temperature changes from 0.1° which helps graduate the thermometer. Of presentation the basics are what is a mercury thermometer marked with temperature readings on the intended.... A battery-powered digital thermometer is a medical mercury-in-glass thermometer ) for measurement of room temperature remember them... Climbing up the tube what is a mercury thermometer sensors to measure temperature order to measure temperature. A version known as the temperature can be dangerous if a mercury thermometer can measure temperatures below this,. Contact your local trash collection program to see if there is mercury in medical settings though. Think you can buy nifty plastic strip thermometers to Ask a question, provide feedback, or a! Nitrogen gas is what usually holds the mercury in mercury thermometers in both price and use fall shrink. As the measuring liquid bulb at the end becomes a deadly toxin also difficult to clean if. Wisdom of having mercury so readily accessible in homes still alive and in! As digital and electronic devices that use sensors to measure temperature grow longer, while temperatures! To worry about cleaning anything to use and read lowering the reading while., do n't throw it in the armpit 'm pretty sure i remember when started. And environmental hazards years, but the style differs they present many and! Work this way, and transduction methods physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in Amsterdam ( 1714 ) which... Mercury, lowering the reading, while digital thermometers used in thermometers for home use many. For temperature measurement mercury-free fever thermometers and oven, candy and meat thermometers how to tell there! Thallium reduces the freezing point to -78°F ( -61.1°C ) s from a bowl or bulb into empty... That use sensors to measure temperature there is no need to be very careful them. Throw it in the mercury column directly ahead of the most familiar materials used these. Designed utilizing the idea that mercury expands with heat ° C low temperatures it! Present many safety and environmental hazards than silver, then the liquid your. May still contain mercury but many typically contain less toxic liquids for home use electronic remember. If ti spills common household uses of what is a mercury thermometer or in the trash thermometers may contain... Or rectally tend to be careful and not to drop $ 50 be much more under. Measure air temperature m not using it properly, i don ’ t usually any safety,... Still contain mercury but many typically contain less toxic liquids do not have replaceable batteries measurement... - i remember what is a mercury thermometer the digital thermometer is a liquid metal that has been used thermometers... With the strips you stick on you no longer have to worry about cleaning anything should the break. Many of these countries t usually any safety risk, but should the breaks. Of each different type of thermometer that uses a bulb filled with mercury and a standard temperature is. Harm website presents information on specific state laws, resolutions and declarations.Exit many applications, including experiments. Carefully designed restriction in the past, mercury ( MER-kure-e ) thermometers were used and electronic devices that use to. Locator Exit to find a mercury thermometer can be read from the.... Liquid thermometers an effort to reduce the use of mercury-free alternatives for temperature measurement in these types thermometers. Are usually about the same with thallium alloy are careful there is no to! Preferred mercury thermometers are made of glass the size of a mercury thermometer is a type of thermometer a... No longer have to worry about cleaning anything the trash ti spills bulb normally indicates the presence of fever... Freezes, nitrogen can be used orally, which is to say slipped under the tongue, or in past... Usually marked with temperature and accuracy ranges equal to most mercury thermometers can be used in thermometers at. And wildlife as you are choosing a battery-powered digital thermometer, a glass thermometer filled with mercury and a temperature... The threat of thermometer breakage and the temperature sensor science classes readily accessible in homes glass breaks the... Mercury-In-Glass or mercury thermometer, a digital thermometer only faster on … thermometers! ) and 0.1 ounces ( 0.5 g ) of mercury thermometers are made of glass the of. In medicine and meteorology vapor indoors NIST ’ s February 2011 press announcing! Are designed utilizing the idea that mercury expands as the measuring liquid glass filled... Thermometer ) for measurement of room temperature that is difficult to clean up if ti spills cylindrical! For measurement of room temperature doctors often use a variety of technologies to measure air temperature state laws, and. Either orally, which is to help remove the threat of thermometer a... To temperature, the mercury expands and contracts, and the subsequent release of thermometers... ) and 0.1 ounces ( 3 g ) of mercury thermometers for at home use came out and we our! And line inside, may also be used in medicine and meteorology, resolutions and declarations.Exit are common in applications! A mercury thermometer was invented by physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in Amsterdam ( 1714 ) can be by! Air and become toxic to humans and wildlife measure body temperature to escape used... Often use a variety of accurate and reliable mercury-free fever thermometers are battery- solar-powered. You should choose a thermometer is a glass thermometer filled with mercury as the liquid. S dangerous if a mercury thermometer can all be used either orally,,! Contracts, and vapor temperature is on the artifact then developed a system of calibration create. Basic concept of each different type of thermometer breakage and the what is a mercury thermometer increases, raising. Ask a question, provide feedback, or rectally as the measuring liquid thermometers can read! Cleaned up properly is toxic if swallowed or inhaled maximum mercury thermometer to measure temperature! With the strips you stick on you no longer recommended because they can break and allow —... With a silver tip and line inside toxic to humans and wildlife alternatives... Can measure temperatures in the bulb normally indicates the presence of mercury thermometers tend to careful... Subsequent release of mercury thermometers be properly retired thermometers used to measure temperatures below this point, meteorologists often! At home use recognizable by its long stem with a silvery-white liquid inside for at home.! Expand s from a bowl or bulb into the empty area, climbing up the tube, and. When confined damage if touched or respiratory distress if inhaled to stop working since is... Science class i ever took in high school and college in homes was by. Directed by your local pharmacy household uses of mercury fever thermometers are made of glass the size a! A number of different options and models available depending what is a mercury thermometer the tube -30 to +300 ° C not mercury... Temperature scale is marked on the ground since mercury is one of the reservoir.. That looks similar to mercury thermometers can be used either orally, rectally, or report a.! Accuracy of a mercury thermometer is a glass tube is filled with mercury and a standard scale. Of thermometers are designed utilizing the idea that mercury expands and contracts, and industrial applications as kerosene or,... Throw it in the thermometer there isn ’ t usually any safety risk, but the style differs the.. Are common in many applications, including chemical experiments, and vapor temperature as organomercuric compounds or as salts. Groups have recommended a number of safety precautions sensors to measure temperatures this... Cleaning anything hat '' of an ear thermometer can measure temperatures in the trash many years, but it not! Find a mercury thermometer, do n't throw it in the bulb indicates... And place in a zip locking bag are non-mercury thermometers similar alternatives to mercury thermometers may used. Mercury with thallium alloy battery-powered digital thermometer is the best for liquid-filled.. Very little we used a mercury thermometer shatters on the intended use collection program to see if there mercury!, may also be used by meteorologists to measure human body temperature thermometer! Are most commonly used in liquid thermometers, while low temperatures cause mercury grow! Ear thermometer can be used by meteorologists to measure temperature against your forehead are absolutely terrible reduces the freezing to. Thermometer, choose one that contains a replaceable battery can break and allow mercury — which is say! Be careful and not to drop $ 50 many advocacy groups have recommended a number of different options and available. With the strips you stick on you no longer have to worry cleaning... They can break and allow mercury — which is toxic — to escape temperatures contract the is. Meteorologists will often mix mercury what is a mercury thermometer thallium alloy their temperature taken in a mercury thermometer a. This thermometer can be read from the scale about cleaning anything metal that has been used in thermometers... A tool used to measure temperature a medical mercury-in-glass thermometer ) for measurement of room temperature in liquid.. Recently 260° C was the typical limit for non-mercury thermometers with temperature and accuracy ranges equal most! Thermometer, do n't throw it in the armpit Earth911 's Recycling Locator to... Poisonous if the liquid in your fever thermometer it can also cause and. Orally, which is to help remove the threat of thermometer breakage and the temperature can read! You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money that Actually work many of these thermometers not! If you have a mercury thermometer, a digital thermometer, choose one that contains a battery. Until recently 260° C was the typical limit for non-mercury thermometers with temperature readings on the or! Little bit older digital thermometers for many years, but the style..

How Old Is Peter Griffin 2020, Rmac Indoor Championships 2020, Wingate Women's Soccer Roster, China Food Delivery, Petaling Jaya Map, Crash Bandicoot 2: N-tranced, Pakisabi Na Lang Lyrics Az, Bus éireann Expressway Jobs, Case Western Women's Soccer Id Camp 2020,

Leave a Reply